The Importance of Hand Washing

Article at a Glance

  • Washing hands is one of the simplest ways to prevent illness.
  • Teaching kids when to wash is as important as teaching them how to wash.
  • Try the glitter game to teach small kids about how germs spread.

A little soap, water, and 15 seconds can make a huge difference in your and your child’s health. By teaching your children to wash their hands, you will be protecting them from the common cold, meningitis, bronchiolitis, influenza, hepatitis A, most types of infectious diarrhea and other serious illnesses. Handwashing can also help prevent food-related illnesses, such as salmonella and E. coli.

The best way to teach your children to wash their hands is by example. Wash your hands with your children and observe their hand washing.

Why should we wash our hands?
Throughout the day, germs build up on our hands by touching others’ dirty hands; changing diapers; direct contact with contaminated surfaces, water and foods; contact with a sick person’s body fluids; or touching animals and animal waste. We can then infect ourselves by simply touching our eyes, nose or mouth. Once we are infected, we can then spread these germs by touching other people or by touching surfaces that they also touch. It is not hard for an entire family to quickly become infected if not washing their hands properly.

Tip: If your kids are having trouble grasping the concept of how germs can spread, try the glitter game. Sprinkle a bit of fine glitter on each child’s hands. Use a different color for each child. Now go to the park (or stay home, if you dare) and let them watch as the glitter spreads to everything they touch, to each other, and to their faces.

How to wash your hands

  • Run warm, running water over hands and apply soap.
  • Lather well and rub your hands vigorously together for at least 15 seconds. Tell little children to wash their hands for as long as it takes them to sing “Happy Birthday” to help keep them from hurrying through it.
  • Wash all surfaces, including wrists, the backs of your hands, between your fingers and under your fingernails.
  • Rinse hands well.
  • Use a clean or disposable towel to dry hands.
  • Turn off the faucet with a towel.

Wash hands before:

  • Preparing food
  • Treating wounds or cuts
  • Touching a sick person or dispensing their medicine
  • Holding your friend’s newborn
  • Changing contact lenses
  • Feeding ourselves or someone else

Wash hands after:

  • Using the bathroom
  • Handling garbage
  • Touching animals or cleaning up animal waste
  • Blowing your nose, sneezing, coughing, etc.
  • Cleaning the house
  • Being outside, especially at playgrounds and parks
  • Preparing food, especially raw meat or poultry

Alcohol-Based Hand Sanitizer
Alcohol-based hand sanitizer can be used if you don’t have soap and water available, and they have the added advantage of not drying out your hands. A hand sanitizer should contain at least 60 percent alcohol to be effective. Use care when using hand sanitizers with younger children, making sure the liquid has completely dried to avoid the product entering their mouth or eyes. Be sure the container is stored in a safe place.

Hand sanitizer is not capable of killing all types germs, like noroviruses. If you’re dealing with stomach flu in your home, skip the sanitizer and go right to the sink.

For More Information:
Free printable hand washing posters for kids (University of Nebraska)
Why is handwashing important? (CDC)

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